While schoolchildren are storming law schools, companies are looking for creative IT specialists.
Ukrainian youth flatly refuses to believe the advice of sociologists. Tens of thousands of graduates of Ukrainian schools still dream of a career as a lawyer or philologist. While employers, judging by the number of vacancies posted on the Internet, need sales managers and IT specialists.
Future workers cannot be motivated by either high wages or the fear of being left on the sidelines of a competitive labor market. The same cannot be said about companies starving for qualified personnel: they are forced to launch their own educational platforms and courses in order to cover the resulting deficit somehow.
Inconsistency between the desired and the needed
According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, the largest category of applicants is 11-graders seeking to become bachelors and masters. During the 2019 introductory campaign, there were 831,493 such people.
TOP-10 specialties by the number of applications submitted (47% of the total):
- Philology – 65 419.
- Law – 65 077.
- Management – 50 207.
- Computer science – 39 376.
- Secondary education – 35 605.
- Journalism – 30 247.
- Economy – 28 178.
- Software engineering – 27 217.
- Psychology – 25 680.
- Medicine – 25 288.
But employers have vastly different expectations. In the first half of 2019, the greatest shortage of personnel, according to hh.ua, was felt in the following areas:
- IT (15% from all posted vacancies).
- Sales (14%).
- Marketing (9%).
- Administrative staff (6%).
- Production (6%).
- Accounting (5%).
- Transport (5%).
- Carier start (4%).
- Banks (4%).
- Working staff (4%).
Willing to pay generously
In the most demanded professional area of the first half of 2019 – IT, Telecom – now you can count on very high-paying positions. For example, in vacancies for software developers, salaries were indicated from 35.7 thousand UAH/month up to 140 thousand UAH/month.
Above average (10-50 thousand UAH/month) employers are also willing to pay, who needed employees of sales departments.
In Production the spread of monthly salaries ranged from 7.5 thousand UAH up to 37.5 thousand UAH and for the working personnel, offers were posted with salaries of both 6 thousand/month UAH and 29 thousand/month UAH.
Technology is the future
According to various estimates, about 180 thousand specialists are employed in the most acutely scarce IT-sphere. And every year their number increases by another 25 thousand graduates of universities. But even this is not enough, Evgenia Luganovskaya, manager of the IT committee of the European Business Association (EBA), is convinced.
An innovative and fast-paced industry requires rapid adaptation of educational institutions to market needs. In our reality, graduates receive only the basic foundations of programming, she said.
The problem is so great that market participants are forced to create their own educational initiatives and training courses.
According to the Ministry of Education, in 2019 most of the applications filed in the IT field were in computer science – 39,376 applications (4th place among all specialties). And also – for software engineering (27,217 applications, 8th place).
Employers, in turn, besides Software Engineer, which is lacking for everyone and everyone, need more specific areas: Data Analyst, QA Engineer, DevOps, WebDev, CRM, etc.
According to the companies that are members of the EBA IT committee, for June-July 2019 in Kiev, the average monthly salaries in the high-tech industry fluctuated within the following limits:
- Junior Software Engineer: $750.
- Software Engineer: $2100.
- Senior Software Engineer: $3 900.
- Data Analyst: $1 000.
- Security Specialist: $1 075.
- Data Scientist: $1 700.
Problem of choice
However, in the mentality of Ukrainians, there are no prejudices regarding the change of occupation. Very often, newly minted lawyers find themselves in the same sales by the time they graduate. And in general, working outside the specialty in Ukraine is a common thing. Several years ago, the hh.ua company conducted a survey and found that 44% of respondents after graduation chose another professional path. And in part, only 35% were associated with the received specialization.
Among the reasons that led to such a sharp career turn, the respondents named:
- Problems in finding a job (43%).
- Low wages (38%).
- Lack of career prospects (27%).
- Loss of interest and disappointment in the chosen profession (23%).
Lesson for the future
The rapid development of technology, foreign investments, automation and robotization can lead to the fact that within 10-20 years half of the current professions will simply disappear. But there is a plus in this forecast – new specialties will appear. According to Oxford scientists Carl Benedict Frey and Michael Osborne, scientific and technological progress will significantly reduce employment in such areas:
- Fast food workers.
- Accountants and auditors.
- Delivery service workers.
Nurses, elementary and middle school teachers, and CEOs and executives are the least at risk of joblessness in the near future.
According to international research, an increasing number of companies are demanding a wide range of skills from their employees, rather than formal education. Scientists even compared what experience was appreciated several years ago, and for which employers would be willing to pay extra in the next few years.